Posted by Laura Ercoli on Wednesday October 11th, 2023

EPO Enlarged Board of Appeal rules on formal priority entitlement In G1/22 and G2/22

On 10 October 2023 the Enlarged Board of Appeal (EBA) of the European Patent Office issued its decision in consolidated cases G1/22 and G2/22, concerning formal priority entitlement under Article 87(1) of the European Patent Convention (EPC).EPO European Patent Office

The EBA answered the questions referred as follows:

I. The European Patent Office is competent to assess whether a party is entitled to claim priority under Article 87(1) EPC. There is a rebuttable presumption under the autonomous law of the EPC that the applicant claiming priority in accordance with Article 88(1) EPC and the corresponding Implementing Regulations is entitled to claim priority.

II. The rebuttable presumption also applies in situations where the European patent application derives from a PCT application and/or where the priority applicant(s) are not identical with the subsequent applicant(s).
In a situation where a PCT application is jointly filed by parties A and B, (i) designating party A for one or more designated States and party B for one or more other designated States, and (ii) claiming priority from an earlier patent application designating party A as the applicant, the joint filing implies an agreement between parties A and B allowing party B to rely on the priority, unless there are substantial factual indications to the contrary.

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