A plant variety can be protected in Italy and in all member states of the European Union, by requesting a plant variety right. It is not possible to obtain patents on plant varieties either in Italy or in the other member states of the European Union.
It may still be possible to obtain protection: publication of a variety’s description does not affect novelty, as long as no sale of propagation material has taken place and if the description was published within certain time limits.
In order to affect novelty, a commercial act must take place within certain time limits, with the permission of the breeder and for the purpose of exploiting the variety. Truly experimental acts do not affect novelty.